The History of BIND

Foundation of the Internet

The Berkeley Internet Name Domain package was originally written in the early 1980s at University of California at Berkeley as a graduate student project under a grant from the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Administration (DARPA). Versions of BIND through 4.8.3 were maintained by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) at UC Berkeley. Douglas Terry, Mark Painter, David Riggle and Songnian Zhou made up the initial BIND project team.

After that, additional work on the software package was done by Ralph Campbell. Kevin Dunlap, a Digital Equipment Corporation employee on loan to the CSRG, worked on BIND for 2 years, from 1985 to 1987. Many other people also contributed to its development during that time: Doug Kingston, Craig Partridge, David Waitzman of BBN Technologies, Smoot Carl-Mitchell, Mike Muuss, Jim Bloom, and Mike Schwartz. BIND maintenance was subsequently handled by Mike Karels and O. Kure.

BIND versions 4.9 and 4.9.1 were released by Digital Equipment Corporation (now Hewlett-Packard Company). Paul Vixie, then a DEC employee, became BIND’s primary caretaker. Paul was assisted by Phil Almquist, Robert Elz, Alan Barrett, Paul Albitz, Bryan Beecher, Andrew Partan, Andy Cherenson, Tom Limoncelli, Berthold Paffrath, Fuat Baran, Anant Kumar, Art Harkin, Win Treese, Don Lewis, Christophe Wolfhugel, and others.

Paul Vixie became BIND’s principal architect/programmer, and BIND version 4.9.2 was sponsored by Vixie Enterprises. BIND versions from 4.9.3 onward have been developed and maintained by ISC with support being provided by ISC’s sponsors. As co-architects/programmers, Bob Halley and Paul Vixie released the first production-ready version of BIND version 8 in May 1997. BIND version 9 was released in September 2000 and was a major rewrite of nearly all aspects of the underlying BIND architecture. BIND 9 was underwritten by the following organizations:

  • Sun Microsystems, Inc.
  • Hewlett Packard
  • Compaq Computer Corporation
  • IBM
  • Process Software Corporation
  • Silicon Graphics, Inc.
  • Network Associates, Inc.
  • U.S. Defense Information Systems Agency
  • USENIX Association
  • Stichting NLNet - NLNet Foundation
  • Nominum, Inc.

BIND versions 4 and 8 are officially deprecated.